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Thursday, April 30, 2020 | History

1 edition of On the action of nitric acid on various vegetables found in the catalog.

On the action of nitric acid on various vegetables

with a more particular examination of Spartium scoparium, Linn., or common broom

by John Stenhouse

  • 319 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Printed by Richard Taylor in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plant Extracts,
  • Nitric Acid, chemistry,
  • Cytisus

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby John Stenhouse
    ContributionsPaget, James, Sir, 1814-1899, former owner, Royal College of Surgeons of England
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. 413-431 ;
    Number of Pages431
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25904342M

    The reaction of a copper penny (minted pre) and concentrated nitric acid (15 M) is shown. Red-brown nitrogen dioxide is generated and some of the copper dissolves to form a blue solution of copper (II) nitrate. A few drops of nitric acid are placed on an older copper penny (and the reaction is shown). The reaction produces red-brown.   Nitric acid is extremely harmful. It is highly corrosive, strongly reactive, a powerful oxidizer and a poison. As a matter of fact, the material safety data sheet states that it has an extreme health rating of 4 which means it is a poison; a sever. Phosphoric Acid dissociates to give off 3H+ ions, meaning that one mole of Phosphoric acid reacts with three mols of sodium hydroxide. Using the equation n .


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On the action of nitric acid on various vegetables by John Stenhouse Download PDF EPUB FB2

This paper is a continuation of a series of investigations intended to elucidate the nature of vegetables by means of chemical reagents. A preceding paper contained an account of the effects produced by the action of sulphuric and hydrochloric acids on the matière incrustante of several plants belonging to different great classes of vegetables.

The effects of nitric acid. The last paper which I had the honour of presenting to the Royal Society contained an account of the effects produced by the action of sulphuric and hydrochloric acids on the matière incrustante of several plants belonging to the different great classes of vegetables.

In the present paper I intend to describe the effects of nitric acid upon a variety of vegetable groups; these. On the Action of Nitric Acid on Various Vegetables, with a More Particular Examination of Spartium scoparium, Linn., or Common Broom is an article from Skip to main content This banner text can have markup.

On the Action of Nitric Acid on Various Vegetables, with a More Particular Examination of Spartium scoparium, Linn., or Common Broom.

Stenhouse, J Abstracts of the Papers Communicated to the Royal Society of London (). On the Action of Nitric Acid on Various Vegetables, with a More Particular Examination of Spartium scoparium, Linn., or Common Broom.

[Abstract]Author: John Stenhouse. Nitric acid, colorless, fuming, and highly corrosive liquid that is a common laboratory reagent and an important industrial chemical for the manufacture of fertilizers and explosives.

It is toxic and can cause severe burns. Learn more about the properties and uses of nitric acid in this article. Nitric acid is a highly corrosive, strongly oxidizing acid.

Nitric acid may exist in the air as a gas, vapor, mist, fume, or aerosol. Nitric acid mist will probably be scrubbed in the mouth or nasal passages, gas and vapor in the upper respiratory tract, and fume and aerosol in the alveolar region of the : Division on Earth.

Further action of the nitric acid on the nitrite produces nitrous acid and nitrate: 3) AgNO 2 + HNO 3 = AgNO 3 + HNO 2; while the nitrous acid reacts to produce nitrogen peroxide or nitric oxide according as the nitric acid is concentrated or dilute, as shown in the following equations: 4) HNO 2 + HNO 3 = 2NO 2 + H 2 O; 5) 3HNO 2 = HNO 3 + 2NO + H 2 O.

Nitric acid is part of the inorganic acids. This On the action of nitric acid on various vegetables book is colorless fuming liquid when pure but turns yellowish due to the collection of nitrogen oxides.

It is both extremely corrosive and toxic. Nitric acid is soluble in water and it is also a strong oxidizing agent. It reacts with metals, oxides, and hydroxides, forming nitrate salts.

Now that picric acid is recognized as so frequent a product of the action of nitric acid, we have no difficulty in understanding its occurrence here. ALCALOIDS OR ORGANIC BASES.

These names are given to a class of nitrogenized organic compounds which, in their relations, are quite analogous to ammonia, or rather to oxide of ammonium. Chemistry is present in all aspects of our daily lives. Including when we eat, since the vegetables that we buy, cook and eat, only arrived at the market in.

Nitric acid is considered to be a strong acid and oxidant. As can be seen in the picture shown above, nitric acid is particularly aggressive to most metals, and even more so with copper.

While the green soluble copper nitrate spreads away fro the reacting site, the deep red-brown nitrogen dioxide gas that is freed according to the following equation.

1. Nitration with Nitric Acid 2. Nitration with a Mixture of Nitric and Sulphuric Acids 3. Nitration with Nitric Acid and Glacial Acetic Acid or Acetic Anhydride 4. Nitration in the Presence of Catalysts 5. The Catalytic Action of Nitrous Acid in Nitration II.

The Mechanism of the Nitration of Aromatic Compounds with Nitric Acid and Nitrating Book Edition: 1. use of nitric acid.

These fertilisers, generally with high nitrogen contents, provide the active nitrogen in the form of ammonium nitrate or as nitrophosphate formed by the action of nitric acid on phosphate rock.

For these processes “weak” nitric acid (55 to 65 per cent HNO,) is usually employed. Certain. the actions to be taken to minimise such discharges. All plants for the production of nitric acid are currently based on the same basic chemical operations: – Oxidation of ammonia with air to give nitric oxide – Oxidation of the nitric oxide to nitrogen dioxide and absorption in water to give a solu-tion of nitric acidFile Size: KB.

The main source of endogenous nitrate in mammals is the L-arginine-NO pathway; nitric oxide is produced from the amino acid L-arginine and molecular oxygen by nitric oxide synthetaseEstimation of the daily amounts of nitrate, nitrite, and N -nitroso compounds formed endogenously is complicated; a contribution of as large as or Cited by: results for nitric acid.

Save nitric acid to get e-mail alerts and updates on your eBay Feed. Unfollow nitric acid to stop getting updates on your eBay feed. You'll receive email and Feed alerts when new items arrive. Turn off email alerts.

A solution of nitric acid, water and alcohol, Nital, is used for etching metals to reveal the microstructure. ISO is one of the standards detailing this well known procedure. Nitric acid is used either in combination with hydrochloric acid or alone to clean glass cover slips and glass slides for high-end microscopy al formula: HNO₃.

This book discusses the characteristics of vat and soluble vat dyes. Organized into six chapters, this book starts with an overview of the various methods of preparing the five reagents used in the tests, namely, alkaline hydrosulfite, acid hydrosulfite, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and acid potassium permanganate.

Nitric acid (HNO3). A colorless liquid that is used in the manufacture of inorganic and organic nitrates and nitro compounds for fertilizers, dye intermediates, explosives, and many different organic chemicals.

Continued exposure to vapor may cause chronic bronchitis; chemical pneumonitis may occur. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) Expand this section. There are still a few retailers who require quantities Sulfuric and Nitric acid, and for these retailers the restrictions are different.

Sulfuric Acid is used as a water quality testing reagent for swimming pools. It seems that pool supply companies are allowed to purchase quantities of both Sulfuric and Nitric acids, and you can pay cash.

One uses the amino acids arginine and citrulline, and the other uses nitrates, which are found in the soil and in many plant foods. When we consume nitrates, some are converted into nitrites and then into nitric oxide.

Nitrates and nitrites are also used as food additives to preserve, flavor, Author: Vera Tweed. Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a dense, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ein Reference: White fuming nitric acid, also called % nitric acid or WFNA, is very close to anhydrous nitric acid.

One specification for white fuming nitric acid is that it has a maximum of 2% water and a maximum of % dissolved NO 2.

Anhydrous nitric acid has a density of g/mL and has the approximate concentration of 24 Size: KB. Start studying Abeka Chemistry Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Nitric acid finds extensive application in the manufacture of sulphuric acid, certain coal-tar colouring matters, explosives, and in the production of various nitrates.

In medicine, nitric acid is used externally in a pure state as a caustic to destroy chancres, warts and phagadenic ulcers; and diluted preparations are employed in the treatment.

Hydrochloric acid also has but little action when diluted, but when concentrated, it rapidly dissolves tin, changing it into protochloride of tin, and evolving hydrogen. The action of dilute nitric acid is slow, but with four equivalents of water, as is the case with all commercial acids, the action is very pronounced.

The metal is transformed. Guncotton is made by treating cotton (used as the source of cellulose) with concentrated sulfuric acid and 70% nitric acid [clarification needed] cooled to 0 °C to produce cellulose trinitrate.

While guncotton is dangerous to store, the hazards it presents can be reduced by storing it dampened with various liquids, such as ance: Yellowish white cotton-like filaments. Abstract. Nitric oxide, as well as several other oxides of nitrogen, were assayed for their antibacterial action.

It is shown that nitric oxide has virtually no effect on bacteria, whereas both NaNO 3 and NaNO 2 appear to have either neutral or stimulatory effects. It is suggested that the formation of nitrous acid is mainly responsible for the quantitative as well as the qualitative Cited by: Picric acid is an organic compound with the formula (O 2 N) 3 C 6 H 2 OH.

Its IUPAC name is 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP).The name "picric" comes from the Greek πικρός (pikros), meaning "bitter", reflecting its bitter is one of the most acidic other highly nitrated organic compounds, picric acid is an explosive, hence its primary has also been used in Chemical formula: C₆H₃N₃O₇.

Learning objectives: Acids and Bases Learning Objectives For Achievement students must be able to: 1. Define acid, base, alkali, salt is doing and what action needs to be taken to solve the problem.

Using your Nitric acid + potassium hydroxide _____+water 8. Nitric acid + calcium hydroxide _____+water File Size: KB. Another way to increase nitric oxide is through diet, most notably by consuming the amino acids L-arginine and L-citrulline.

Arginine, which can be found in nuts, fruits, meats and dairy, and directly creates nitric oxide and citrulline inside the cell (diagram 1).

Citrulline is then recycled back into arginine, making even more nitric oxide. Try the new Google Books eBook - FREE. Get this book in print acid gas action alkali Amphibia ancient angle animal applied atmosphere basalt bird body bones called inches inhabitants insects instrument iron islands kind land lens light means ment metal miles millions mineral moon motion natural neral nitric acid object orbit oxide.

TCC’s nitric acid belongs to the group of inorganic acids. It is both extremely corrosive and toxic. Consequently, direct contact can result in severe burns. Nitric acid is colorless when pure but has a yellowish appearance when it is old due to the collection of nitrogen oxides.

Upon distillation, nitric acid in its pure form begins to boil at °C and becomes solid when it is. One way the body makes nitric oxide is from an amino acid (a building block of protein) called arginine. So when most of the nitrates in our diets come from vegetables – and in turn.

Odour: Nitric acid is a fuming, hygroscopic liquid, the fumes of which give it a choking smell. Acidity: Nitric acid is a very strong acid and dissociates very highly, and is very corrosive.

Nitric Acid’s Dissociation Constant is 28 (Ka value) Taste: It is sour in taste due to acidic nature Density: Its density is g cm-3 at 20oC. 60, Q&A topics -- Education, Aloha, & Fun topic How to neutralize nitric acid.

I would like to neutralize gallons of % nitric acid with approximately 10 gallons of a slurry of magnesium hydroxide, which will be pre-loaded inside of a steel gallon waste drum. Learn acid with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of acid flashcards on Quizlet.

Nitric Acid General Inthere were approximately 65 nitric acid (HNO 3) manufacturing plants in the U. with a total capacity of 11 million tons of HNO 3 per year. The plants range in size from 6, totons per year. About 70 percent of the nitric acid produced is consumed as an intermediate in the manufacture of.

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE: Diluting concentrated nitric acid Note: To be undertaken only by trained personnel in conjunction with a current Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and site-specific risk assessment.

_____ 1. Introduction Concentrated nitric acid is a clear, colourless to pale yellow liquid with a strong, sharp Size: KB. Copper + Nitric Acid. Copper is a reddish-brown metal, widely used in plumbing and electrical wiring; it is perhaps most familiar to people in the United States in the form of the penny.

(Although sincepennies are actually made of zinc surrounded by a paper-thin copper foil to give them the traditional appearance of pennies.).Each bottle is half-ounce (1/2 oz; onza); Acid changes color to indicate purity The DigiWeigh scale offers (4) different weighing modes: Grams, Ounces, Carats, and Grains Great for anyone purchasing gold at flea markets, auctions, and online Ships to you fast3/5(1).The word acid comes from Latin, Acious- sour An acid may be defined as a substance that can provide H+ ion, proton donor, or any substance that liberates hydrogen ion in a solution.

Most acids derive from mineral kingdom, few from vegetable eg: lactic acid. Uses. Used in manufacture of fertilizers, chemicals, explosives, bactericides.